john iv of trebizond

John then fled to Georgia. 30. translated in Marios Philippides. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. In 1442 the Ottoman Sultan Murad II sent out a fleet to plunder the shores and to attempt to capture the city. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1262 ndash;August 16, 1297) Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. [15], John's hostile attitude towards Genoa was explained by one contemporary, the Spanish traveller Pero Tafur, as a fear of a potential Byzantine-Genoese alliance that could place his brother Alexander on the throne of Trebizond. [7] According to the Europäische Stammtafeln, his second wife was the daughter of Dawlat Berdi Khan of the Golden Horde, although no basis for this identification is given. [18] Beginning with Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, modern scholars have inferred it from two records: one was a letter from John's successor and brother, David of Trebizond, dated 22 April 1459, but because it was associated with the dubious embassy led by Ludovico da Bologna, and internal inconsistencies, this letter has been considered at the least a partial forgery; the other record was a damaged inscription Fallmerayer reported to have seen in the citadel Kule boylu ("high tower"), which was made by John and dated to the year 6968 (= A.D. 1 September 1459 – 31 August 1460); however this inscription was never seen by any other historian, despite determined efforts, and the citadel itself has since been destroyed. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. [22] However, KurÅ¡anskis has shown that John had only one child—Theodora Megale Komnene, better known by her Mongol appellation "Despina Hatun". Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. Emperor and Autocrat of all the East and Perateia, Byzantine Empire successor states [1204 - 1261] - [Nicaea, Epirus, Trebizond]. She was a daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. [22] However, Kuršanskis has shown that John had only one child—Theodora Megale Komnene, better known by her Mongol appellation "Despina Hatun". Memorability Metrics. While in Georgia John married Bagrationi, a daughter of King Alexander I, but he could not obtain sufficient support to establish himself in Trebizond. Lot also includes: John VIII Palaeologus, 1425-1448. Alexios (1455–1463), who was beheaded at Constantinople. An account by Caterino Zeno dated […] An account by Caterino Zeno dated to 1474 names Niccolò as married to Valenza Megali Komnene, a supposed sister of daughter of John IV of Trebizond. John was recognized as emperor in Trebizond some time before 28 October 1429, the date of the first document that mentions him on the throne. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. An alternative identification is that she was the daughter of the Crimean Khan, Hacı I Giray.[21]. [1] According to Trebizond: The Last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era (1926) by William Miller, earlier in that same year John had murdered a courtier who allegedly served as the lover of his mother. Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. Once these two sources are accepted as plausible, then there is no longer any basis to reject the evidence of the lost inscription Fallmerayer reported seeing on the Kule boylu. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ἰωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1262 – 16 August 1297) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. John had been designated despotes, or heir apparent, by his father as early as 1417, but had come into conflict with his parents. [14], However, these approaches to the Papacy were not marked by harmonious relations with the most important Western power concerned with Trebizond, the Republic of Genoa. Biography. AR Asper (14mm, 0.64 g, 5h). Sphranzes, ch. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. Chalkokondyles II.220; translated by Kaldellis, A. Vasiliev, "Tero Tafur, a Spanish Traveler of the XVth Century and His Visit to Constantinople, Trebizond, and Italy,". Bronze follis, Bendall Trebizond (NC 77), p. 133, issue 13B & pl. Noting that the letter appears between two other documents dated to 1459, Ganchou blames a "lazy scribe" for writing that year when transcribing this letter, instead of the correct 1460. John IV was married twice, first to an unnamed daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia,[20] then prior to November 1437 he married the daughter of a Turkish sultan. [9] In February 1451 the Byzantine diplomat George Sphrantzes arrived in Trebizond seeking a bride for his emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. No contemporary chronicler or historian recorded the actual date of John's death. Once these two sources are accepted as plausible, then there is no longer any basis to reject the evidence of the lost inscription Fallmerayer reported seeing on the Kule boylu. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. Although John owed his throne to a Genoese crew, he repeatedly failed to reimburse the Genoese for debts owed to them in 1431, and in 1441 refused to provide reparations for a Genoese ship ordered seized and looted six years earlier. John IV of Trebizond Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Weight, Married, Ethnicity, Nationality, Wife, Husband Pero Tafur provides a detail at variance with the account of Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, for he reports that John became emperor with help of the Turkish Sultan. 7, 18; DOC IV p. 433, 13b; Schlumberger pl. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – 1460) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. [17] John assembled his land and naval forces, then assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Since William Miller wrote his book on Trebizond, the scholarly consensus dated his death to 1458, although with some dissent to 1459 (Lampsides, Kursanskis) or simply state the broad limits 1458/9-1460 (Anthony Bryer). John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1403 – 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459.He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. John IV of Trebizond died in 1459. This expedition did not seriously affect Trebizond itself, but attacked Trebizond's dependencies in the Crimea and was partly destroyed by a storm on its return journey. [17] John assembled his land and naval forces, then assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1403 ndash; 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459. His reign was dominated by ongoing attempts to defend Trebizond from its Turkmen neighbors and the increasingly aggressive Ottoman Empire to the west. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. Reference: BCV 2642 Weight: 1 gms Diameter: 15.1 mm THE EMPIRE OF TREBIZOND. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. [18] Beginning with Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, modern scholars have inferred it from two records: one was a letter from John's successor and brother, David of Trebizond, dated 22 April 1459, but because it was associated with the dubious embassy led by Ludovico da Bologna, and internal inconsistencies, this letter has been considered at the least a partial forgery; the other record was a damaged inscription Fallmerayer reported to have seen in the citadel Kule boylu ("high tower"), which was made by John and dated to the year 6968 (= A.D. 1 September 1459 – 31 August 1460); however this inscription was never seen by any other historian, despite determined efforts, and the citadel itself has since been destroyed. I and his supporters made their base in the metropolitan cathedral said by Caterino Zeno to have been with! Trebizond 80 ; SB 2642 died in 1459 page was last edited on 11 February,! 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